Causes and Symptoms of Glaucoma / The Leading Cause of Blindness

Causes and Symptoms of Glaucoma / The Leading Cause of Blindness

Glaucoma is an eye disease that damages the nerve at the back of the eye called the optic nerve, which sends visual information from your eye to your brain for interpretation. Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness,  learn to know the causes and symptoms to avoid its unwanted complications since visual loss is one thing no one is wishing for. When glaucoma is detected earlier, visual loss can be prevented or delayed.

Causes of Glaucoma

Glaucoma can occur because of many factors. One of them is intraocular pressure. Your eyes produces fluid called aqueous humor which nourishes the eye. This fluid leaves your eye after nourishing it through a drainage canal between your Iris and cornea.

With glaucoma, these fluids aren’t able to leave the eye due to restrictions in your drainage canals, so the fluid builds up in your eye and this, eventually,, the pressure in your eye and damages the optic nerve, leading to glaucoma.

Risk Factors for glaucoma are

1. Diabetes

2. High blood pressure

3. Aging

4. Eye injury

5. Myopia

See also: Cerebrospinal Meningitis: The condition that affects hearing , sight etc

Many people with glaucoma do not experience any warning signs. The effect is so gradual that you may not notice any change in your vision during the course of the condition until it gets to its later stage. That’s why it’s necessary to go for a regular eye check, including measurement of the pressure in your eye.

If glaucoma is recognized early, vision loss can be prevented or delayed. People with glaucoma may need to be on treatment for the rest of their lives.

Some symptoms of glaucoma are

1. Eye pressure or eye pain

2. Halos around light

3. Red eyes

4. Headaches

5. Nausea and vomiting

6. Blurred vision

7. Tenderness around the eye

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