## BECE Candidates’ Weaknesses In Mathematics And Remedies | Extract From Chief Examiners Report For BECE 2023

Teachers preparing students for any examination are always worried about the potential weaknesses in answers that their students will provide during the examination. Fortunately, the main examining body, the West Africa Examination Council always provide BECE candidates’ weaknesses in Mathematics during the last held examination.

**WAEC Summary of 2019 BECE Mathematics Paper Two (2)**

A. CANDIDATES’ STRENGTHS

Candidate performed well in the following areas of mathematics;

(1) Finding Least Common Multiple (L.C.M.)

(2) Solving Linear Equation

(3) Solving question on Ratio

(4) Simplification of algebraic expression

(5) Simplification of percentage to lowest term.

(6) Adding of vectors

(7) Plotting line graph

(8) Construction of frequency table and finding the mode and mean.

B. CANDIDATES’ WEAKNESSES

The weaknesses of candidates were evident in their inability to:

(1) Simplify equation to the form

(2) label Venn diagram and solve problem in sets

(3) find angle in a triangle (Exterior angle equal to semi of two interior opposite

angles)

(4) find equation of a line

(5) find median from frequency table.

C. SUGGESTED REMEDIES

(1) Candidates should be encouraged to analyse questions well before attempting to answer them

(2) Teachers should prepare students adequately for examination by giving more exercises on the topics listed as their weaknesses

**WAEC Summary of 2017 BECE Mathematics Paper Two (2)**

A. SUMMARY OF CANDIDATES’ STRENGTHS

Candidates strengths were catalogued in the following areas as ability to:

(i) use Venn diagram to solve two set problem;

(ii) use ruler and a pair of compasses only to construct a given triangle and the perpendicular bisector of a side and an angle of the triangle;

(iii) determine the modal age and mean age of students from a given data;

(iv) plot and indicate the coordinates of a set of given points on the graph as well as drawing a straight line passing through the points;

(v) substitute given values into a relation to find the value of a variable;

(vi) solve inequality expression and illustrating the answer on a number line.

B. SUMMARY OF CANDIDATES’ WEAKNESSES

Candidates weaknesses were recorded as difficulty in:

(i) finding the total shaded area of a plane figure;

(ii) writing the equation for finding the two consecutive odd numbers from a story problem;

(iii) finding the rate of production of an item within a given period of time;

(iv) solving problems involving vectors;

(v) finding the quantity and profit of a given item;

(vi) identifying vertically opposite angles and alternate angles from two parallel lines cut by a transversal.

C. SUGGESTED REMEDIES

The Chief Examiner suggested that:

(i) teachers should use relevant teaching and learning materials to teach the topics outlined in the sylla concepts of the topics;

(ii) teachers should encourage candidates to read, understand and analyse questions before solving them;

(iii) teachers should encourage candidates to work more example

**WAEC Summary of 2015 BECE Mathematics Paper Two (2)**

A. SUMMARY OF CANDIDATES’ STRENGTHS

The Chief Examiner listed some of the strengths of candidates as ability to:

(i) draw a Venn diagram and labelling the sets involved,

(ii) solving inequalities,

(iii) converting mixed numbers into improper fractions in order to simplify algebraic expression,

(iv) constructing a triangle to given dimensions.

B. SUMMARY OF CANDIDATES’ WEAKNESSES

Candidates’ weaknesses were shown in areas such as

(i) representing number of elements in a set on the Venn diagram

(ii) solving word problems involving fractions,

(iii) understanding of the phrase ‘’how many’’

(iv) determining the rule of a mapping,

(v) distinguishing between the total surface area of a closed cylinder and a cylinder closed at one end.

C. SUGGESTED REMEDIES

(i) Students should be given proper tuition in areas of weaknesses.

(ii) adequate exercise should be given to candidates to eliminate those areas of weaknesses.

(iii) concepts should be well explained and demonstrated to the candidates.

It the hope of our team that candidates will perform better when teachers and candidates go through this summary of strengths, BECE candidates’ weaknesses in Mathematics and remedies and apply same.

Source: waecgh.org

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